World leaders will collect this week in New York to handle the 77th session of the United Nations Normal Meeting (UNGA).
The war in Ukraine, local weather change and nuclear disarmament are more likely to dominate speeches and discussions in the course of the annual gathering that begins on Tuesday on the UN headquarters.
The theme for this yr’s UNGA is, “A watershed second: transformative options to interlocking challenges”.
Based on the UN, it “stems from the popularity that the world is at a important second … as a result of advanced and interconnected crises”.
UN Secretary-Normal Antonio Guterres mentioned the gathering was occurring “at a time of nice peril”, with the world “blighted by warfare, battered by local weather chaos, scarred by hate, and shamed by poverty, starvation, and inequality”.
The busiest diplomatic week of the yr is underway!
— United Nations (@UN) September 19, 2022
Audio system on Tuesday will embody Brazilian President Jair Bolsanaro, United States President Joe Biden and Qatar’s Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani.
Here’s what it’s essential to know:
Who might be attending?
Each UN member is invited to ship a delegation to the UNGA – probably the most consultant physique of the UN system. Every member state is allowed an equal vote when deciding on resolutions.
This yr’s session will happen in individual for the primary time since COVID-19 was declared a pandemic in March 2020. For the previous two years, heads of state had been allowed to submit video statements as a result of pandemic restrictions.
The record of audio system consists of some notable absentees, with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese language President Xi Jinping amongst those that will ship their international ministers to the UNGA.
The place is it held?
The primary six periods of the UNGA had been held in several cities, beginning with London, New York, after which Paris.
Since 1952, almost all periods have taken place on the UN headquarters within the US metropolis of New York.
How do subjects make it on the agenda?
Every UNGA session has a set agenda of subjects that might be mentioned, voted on or referred to numerous sub-committees.
The subjects embody issues advised by member states or by different UN organs, issues put ahead by the secretary-general, and procedural issues pertaining to the meeting’s operation.
The UNGA’s Normal Committee units the agenda and the meeting finally decides how every agenda merchandise might be addressed.
What is going to UNGA give attention to this yr?
Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is anticipated to be a significant focus on the annual gathering, together with the worldwide meals disaster that has been aggravated consequently.
UN Spokesman Stephane Dujarric advised Al Jazeera UN Secretary-Normal Guterres didn’t not see an “rapid gentle on the finish of the tunnel” when it got here to ending the warfare.
“Nevertheless, there are alternatives to mitigate the struggling in Ukraine and the UN could be very current with our humanitarian help in Ukraine, but in addition to mitigate the worldwide affect of the warfare – particularly the meals disaster,” he added.
Like earlier years, local weather change may also be a significant matter of debate – specifically the recent floods in Pakistan, which have ravaged the nation and affected greater than 30 million folks.
Whereas member states have lifted most or all coronavirus restrictions of their international locations in an try to return to pre-pandemic situations, points resembling entry to vaccines, monetary restoration and different associated considerations might be a vital speaking level.
What are UNGA resolutions?
Resolutions are handed in all UN councils, such because the Human Rights Council, the Financial and Social Council and the Safety Council, all year long. Membership of the person councils modifications cyclically.
UNGA resolutions are seen as an expression of the desire of the worldwide group on a given matter, though they’re non-binding, which suggests they don’t have any authorized energy however carry symbolic significance in world affairs.
In distinction, resolutions handed by the 15-member UN Safety Council are typically thought-about binding underneath worldwide legislation and member states are obliged to behave on them.