UN General Assembly: Who is attending, and what’s on the agenda? | United Nations News

World leaders will collect this week in New York to handle the 77th session of the United Nations Normal Meeting (UNGA).

The war in Ukraine, local weather change and nuclear disarmament are more likely to dominate speeches and discussions in the course of the annual gathering that begins on Tuesday on the UN headquarters.

The theme for this yr’s UNGA is, “A watershed second: transformative options to interlocking challenges”.

Based on the UN, it “stems from the popularity that the world is at a important second … as a result of advanced and interconnected crises”.

UN Secretary-Normal Antonio Guterres mentioned the gathering was occurring “at a time of nice peril”, with the world “blighted by warfare, battered by local weather chaos, scarred by hate, and shamed by poverty, starvation, and inequality”.

Audio system on Tuesday will embody Brazilian President Jair Bolsanaro, United States President Joe Biden and Qatar’s Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani.

Here’s what it’s essential to know:

Who might be attending?

Each UN member is invited to ship a delegation to the UNGA – probably the most consultant physique of the UN system. Every member state is allowed an equal vote when deciding on resolutions.

This yr’s session will happen in individual for the primary time since COVID-19 was declared a pandemic in March 2020. For the previous two years, heads of state had been allowed to submit video statements as a result of pandemic restrictions.

The record of audio system consists of some notable absentees, with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese language President Xi Jinping amongst those that will ship their international ministers to the UNGA.

President of the Lebanon Michel Aoun delivers a pre-recorded speech at the 76th Session of the U.N. General Assembly at United Nations headquarters in New York, on Friday, Sept. 24, 2021.
A pre-recorded speech by President of Lebanon Michel Aoun on the 76th Session of the UN Normal Meeting at UN headquarters in New York, September 24, 2021 [John Angelillo /Pool Photo via AP Photo]

The place is it held?

The primary six periods of the UNGA had been held in several cities, beginning with London, New York, after which Paris.

Since 1952, almost all periods have taken place on the UN headquarters within the US metropolis of New York.

How do subjects make it on the agenda?

Every UNGA session has a set agenda of subjects that might be mentioned, voted on or referred to numerous sub-committees.

The subjects embody issues advised by member states or by different UN organs, issues put ahead by the secretary-general, and procedural issues pertaining to the meeting’s operation.

The UNGA’s Normal Committee units the agenda and the meeting finally decides how every agenda merchandise might be addressed.

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres
UN Secretary-Normal Antonio Guterres speaks in the course of the Remodeling Schooling Summit on the sidelines of the UNGA at UN headquarters in New York Metropolis, US, September 19, 2022 [Brendan McDermid/Reuters]

What is going to UNGA give attention to this yr?

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is anticipated to be a significant focus on the annual gathering, together with the worldwide meals disaster that has been aggravated consequently.

UN Spokesman Stephane Dujarric advised Al Jazeera UN Secretary-Normal Guterres didn’t not see an “rapid gentle on the finish of the tunnel” when it got here to ending the warfare.

“Nevertheless, there are alternatives to mitigate the struggling in Ukraine and the UN could be very current with our humanitarian help in Ukraine, but in addition to mitigate the worldwide affect of the warfare – particularly the meals disaster,” he added.

Like earlier years, local weather change may also be a significant matter of debate – specifically the recent floods in Pakistan, which have ravaged the nation and affected greater than 30 million folks.

Whereas member states have lifted most or all coronavirus restrictions of their international locations in an try to return to pre-pandemic situations, points resembling entry to vaccines, monetary restoration and different associated considerations might be a vital speaking level.

What are UNGA resolutions?

Resolutions are handed in all UN councils, such because the Human Rights Council, the Financial and Social Council and the Safety Council, all year long. Membership of the person councils modifications cyclically.

UNGA resolutions are seen as an expression of the desire of the worldwide group on a given matter, though they’re non-binding, which suggests they don’t have any authorized energy however carry symbolic significance in world affairs.

In distinction, resolutions handed by the 15-member UN Safety Council are typically thought-about binding underneath worldwide legislation and member states are obliged to behave on them.

What’s in US President Joe Biden’s bipartisan gun violence bill? | Explainer News

New legislation is essentially the most sweeping gun violence invoice in many years and follows a spate of mass shootings in america.

US President Joe Biden signed into legislation essentially the most sweeping gun violence invoice in many years, a bipartisan compromise that appeared unimaginable till a current sequence of mass shootings.

Citing the households of capturing victims he met, the president stated: “Their message to us was, ‘Do one thing’. What number of occasions did we hear that? ‘Simply do one thing. For God’s sake, simply do one thing.’ As we speak we did.

“It’s time, when it appears unimaginable to get something carried out in Washington, we’re doing one thing consequential.”

Listed here are some highlights of the invoice that Biden signed on Saturday:

Expanded background checks:

  • State and native juvenile and psychological well being information of gun purchasers can be a part of federal background checks for patrons age 18 to twenty years.
  • The three-day most for gathering information can be lengthened to as much as 10 days to go looking juvenile information.
  • If 10 days lapse with out a decision, the sale will undergo.

‘Boyfriend loophole’:

  • Convicted home violence offenders can be denied weapons if they’ve a present or previous “persevering with critical relationship of a romantic or intimate nature” with a sufferer.
  • An abuser’s proper to purchase firearms can be restored after 5 years if no further violent crimes are dedicated.
  • Firearms are presently denied to home abusers if they’re married, reside with or had a toddler with a sufferer.

Purple flag legal guidelines:

  • Federal help can be given to the 19 states, plus the District of Columbia, which have legal guidelines serving to authorities get court docket orders to briefly take away weapons from folks deemed harmful. These states will want robust processes for difficult the taking of firearms. Different states may use cash for disaster intervention packages.

Psychological well being:

  • The invoice will develop neighborhood behavioural well being clinics, assist states bolster psychological well being packages in colleges and supply extra psychological well being consultations remotely.

Schooling:

  • The invoice will improve spending on college psychological well being, disaster intervention, violence prevention packages, psychological well being employee coaching and faculty security.

Federally licensed gun sellers:

  • Present legislation requires that individuals “engaged within the enterprise” of promoting weapons be licensed, which implies they need to conduct background checks. The invoice defines that as promoting firearms ‘‘to predominantly earn a revenue”, in an effort to prosecute individuals who evade that requirement.

Gun traffickers:

  • The invoice will create federal crimes for gun traffickers and “straw purchasers” who purchase weapons for individuals who wouldn’t move background checks.
  • The penalties are as much as 25 years in jail.
  • Such offenders are actually primarily prosecuted for paperwork violations.

Value:

  • The nonpartisan Congressional Finances Workplace estimates the price of the invoice at $13 billion, largely for psychological well being and colleges.

What’s the true toll of COVID-19? | Coronavirus pandemic

From: Inside Story

The WHO says the pandemic killed almost 15 million individuals within the first two years.

The World Well being Group has revealed that the coronavirus pandemic has killed almost thrice extra individuals than formally reported.

It stated 14.9 million individuals died within the first 24 months of the pandemic.

The WHO says it’s a get up name for all nations to put money into information and their healthcare techniques to make them resilient to crises.

So what classes ought to be discovered?

Presenter: Adrian Finighan

Visitors:

Bharat Pankhania – Senior scientific lecturer on the College of Exeter Medical College.

Azeddine Ibrahimi – Professor of medical biotechnology on the Rabat Medical College and director of Medbiotech.

T. Sundararaman – Well being techniques knowledgeable and a former professor and head of the College of Well being System Research at Tata Institute of Social Sciences in Mumbai.