Biden says Russia ‘shamelessly’ violated UN charter | United Nations News

US President Joe Biden says Russia “shamelessly violated the core tenets” of the UN constitution as world leaders gathered for a second day on the United Nations Common Meeting (UNGA) on Wednesday.

On the annual assembly, dominated by the conflict in Ukraine, local weather change and nuclear disarmament, Biden stated Moscow had launched a “brutal, useless conflict in Ukraine” and warned it was organising a “sham referendum” to annex elements of its occupied territories.

“The world ought to see these outrageous acts for what they’re. [Russian President Vladimir] Putin claims he needed to act as a result of Russia was threatened, however nobody threatened Russia and nobody aside from Russia sought battle,” he stated.

He additionally sounded the alarm about Russia’s threats to make use of “all obtainable means to guard Russia”, which alluded to the potential for utilizing nuclear weapons.

William Courtney, former ambassador to Georgia, advised Al Jazeera that Russia gave the impression to be prepared to “escalate the stakes”. Nevertheless, “if Russia had been to make use of a nuclear weapon, how would it not take army benefit from that?” he requested.

Ongoing arms race

Alongside Russia, China was additionally engaged in an unprecedented arms race, the US president stated, however added Washington was “not in search of battle” or a brand new “Chilly Battle”.

Earlier in his handle, Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi stated Tehran wouldn’t search nuclear weapons and was critical about reviving a 2015 nuclear deal formally referred to as the Joint Complete Plan of Motion (JCPOA).

“Our want is just one factor: observance of commitments,” Raisi stated. He demanded ensures that the US wouldn’t once more abandon the nuclear deal because it did in 2018 below the administration of former President Donald Trump.

Human rights abuses

Raisi criticised what he described because the West’s double requirements with regard to human rights, simply as widespread unrest continued in Tehran over the demise of a lady in police custody.

“Raisi is below a number of strain,” Al Jazeera’s corresponded James Bays, reporting from the United Nation’s headquarters in New York, stated. Protesters gathered in entrance of the UN constructing as demonstrations in Tehran demanded accountability for the demise of Mahsa Amini, 22.

Amini died on September 16, a number of days after struggling a stroke and cardiac arrest, in line with Iranian authorities. Iranian police denied allegations that the lady was crushed to demise after being arrested for sporting the hijab improperly.

The US president stated People “stood with the courageous ladies of Iran … who proper now are demonstrating to safe their primary rights”.

He additionally explicitly known as out human rights abuses by China, Myanmar and the Taliban. “The US will all the time promote human rights and the values enshrined within the UN Constitution in our personal nation and around the globe,” Biden added.

Whereas giving no indication of any new peace initiative, the US president stated his nation remained dedicated to the institution of a Palestinian state.

Washington additionally overtly acknowledged its help for the enlargement of the UN Safety Council to raised signify areas together with Africa and Latin America.

The UN physique has fifteen everlasting and non-permanent members, however veto powers are granted solely to its 5 everlasting members, together with Russia.

Highlighting the results of the local weather disaster, Biden stated his nation was prepared to affix forces to deal with the difficulty.

“Everyone knows we’re already dwelling in a local weather disaster. Nobody appears to doubt it after this previous yr. A lot of Pakistan is below water [and] wants assist,” he stated referring to the devastating flooding in Pakistan that has been blamed on local weather change.

Halting local weather change

Biden’s warning on the results of local weather change was echoed by Kenya’s President William Ruto, who delivered his first handle on the UN Common Meeting after winning elections final month.

“Human wellbeing is below nice risk,” Ruto stated. “The well being of the planet requires pressing consideration.”

The Horn of Africa is enduring its worst drought since 1981 as a consequence of three consecutive poor wet seasons. Greater than 3.1 million persons are estimated to be severely meals insecure in Kenya.

Ruto condemned the “exclusionist nationalism” made evident by the COVID-19 pandemic, which “undermines prospects of collective motion” and “impairs the resolve of the worldwide neighborhood to ensure basic rights and the protection of the world’s weak majority”.

He known as for “constructing again higher” from the underside up by together with poorer nations in international governance.

UN General Assembly: Who is attending, and what’s on the agenda? | United Nations News

World leaders will collect this week in New York to handle the 77th session of the United Nations Normal Meeting (UNGA).

The war in Ukraine, local weather change and nuclear disarmament are more likely to dominate speeches and discussions in the course of the annual gathering that begins on Tuesday on the UN headquarters.

The theme for this yr’s UNGA is, “A watershed second: transformative options to interlocking challenges”.

Based on the UN, it “stems from the popularity that the world is at a important second … as a result of advanced and interconnected crises”.

UN Secretary-Normal Antonio Guterres mentioned the gathering was occurring “at a time of nice peril”, with the world “blighted by warfare, battered by local weather chaos, scarred by hate, and shamed by poverty, starvation, and inequality”.

Audio system on Tuesday will embody Brazilian President Jair Bolsanaro, United States President Joe Biden and Qatar’s Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani.

Here’s what it’s essential to know:

Who might be attending?

Each UN member is invited to ship a delegation to the UNGA – probably the most consultant physique of the UN system. Every member state is allowed an equal vote when deciding on resolutions.

This yr’s session will happen in individual for the primary time since COVID-19 was declared a pandemic in March 2020. For the previous two years, heads of state had been allowed to submit video statements as a result of pandemic restrictions.

The record of audio system consists of some notable absentees, with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese language President Xi Jinping amongst those that will ship their international ministers to the UNGA.

President of the Lebanon Michel Aoun delivers a pre-recorded speech at the 76th Session of the U.N. General Assembly at United Nations headquarters in New York, on Friday, Sept. 24, 2021.
A pre-recorded speech by President of Lebanon Michel Aoun on the 76th Session of the UN Normal Meeting at UN headquarters in New York, September 24, 2021 [John Angelillo /Pool Photo via AP Photo]

The place is it held?

The primary six periods of the UNGA had been held in several cities, beginning with London, New York, after which Paris.

Since 1952, almost all periods have taken place on the UN headquarters within the US metropolis of New York.

How do subjects make it on the agenda?

Every UNGA session has a set agenda of subjects that might be mentioned, voted on or referred to numerous sub-committees.

The subjects embody issues advised by member states or by different UN organs, issues put ahead by the secretary-general, and procedural issues pertaining to the meeting’s operation.

The UNGA’s Normal Committee units the agenda and the meeting finally decides how every agenda merchandise might be addressed.

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres
UN Secretary-Normal Antonio Guterres speaks in the course of the Remodeling Schooling Summit on the sidelines of the UNGA at UN headquarters in New York Metropolis, US, September 19, 2022 [Brendan McDermid/Reuters]

What is going to UNGA give attention to this yr?

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is anticipated to be a significant focus on the annual gathering, together with the worldwide meals disaster that has been aggravated consequently.

UN Spokesman Stephane Dujarric advised Al Jazeera UN Secretary-Normal Guterres didn’t not see an “rapid gentle on the finish of the tunnel” when it got here to ending the warfare.

“Nevertheless, there are alternatives to mitigate the struggling in Ukraine and the UN could be very current with our humanitarian help in Ukraine, but in addition to mitigate the worldwide affect of the warfare – particularly the meals disaster,” he added.

Like earlier years, local weather change may also be a significant matter of debate – specifically the recent floods in Pakistan, which have ravaged the nation and affected greater than 30 million folks.

Whereas member states have lifted most or all coronavirus restrictions of their international locations in an try to return to pre-pandemic situations, points resembling entry to vaccines, monetary restoration and different associated considerations might be a vital speaking level.

What are UNGA resolutions?

Resolutions are handed in all UN councils, such because the Human Rights Council, the Financial and Social Council and the Safety Council, all year long. Membership of the person councils modifications cyclically.

UNGA resolutions are seen as an expression of the desire of the worldwide group on a given matter, though they’re non-binding, which suggests they don’t have any authorized energy however carry symbolic significance in world affairs.

In distinction, resolutions handed by the 15-member UN Safety Council are typically thought-about binding underneath worldwide legislation and member states are obliged to behave on them.

Seized Trump documents showed foreign nation’s nuclear capability | Donald Trump News

Greater than 11,000 authorities paperwork and images have been seized when the FBI searched Trump’s Mar-a-Lago property final month.

A doc describing a overseas authorities’s navy defences, together with its nuclear capabilities, was discovered within the FBI’s search final month of former US President Donald Trump’s Florida house, in response to a report within the Washington Publish.

The US newspaper, which cited folks aware of the matter, didn’t determine the overseas authorities mentioned within the doc, nor did it point out whether or not the overseas authorities was pleasant or hostile to the USA.

Trump representatives and the Justice Division didn’t instantly reply to requests for remark from the Reuters information company.

The FBI recovered greater than 11,000 authorities paperwork and images throughout its August 8 search of Trump’s Mar-a-Lago property, in response to court docket data.

In accordance with the Publish report, among the seized paperwork detailed high secret US operations that required particular clearances past high secret clearance.

A few of the paperwork are so restricted that even among the Biden administration’s most senior nationwide safety officers weren’t authorised to overview them, the Publish stated.

Nationwide Intelligence Director Avril Haines stated late final month she would conduct a “classification review” of the paperwork seized by investigators in the course of the search of Mar-a-Lago, in addition to “an Intelligence Neighborhood (IC) evaluation of the potential threat to nationwide safety that may outcome from the disclosure of the related paperwork”.

The US Justice Division is investigating Trump for eradicating authorities data from the White Home after he left workplace in January 2021 and conserving them at his Florida property.

Trump and his allies have denied any wrongdoing, saying at numerous instances that some paperwork might have been inadvertently faraway from the White Home, or claiming that Trump had already declassified the paperwork.

On Monday, a federal choose agreed to Trump’s request to nominate a particular grasp to overview data seized within the FBI search, a transfer that’s likely to delay the Justice Division’s legal investigation.