Rising meals costs pushed the UK’s shopper worth inflation to a 40-year excessive of 9.1 % final month, the very best fee out of the Group of Seven nations.
Historic data from the Workplace for Nationwide Statistics present Could’s inflation was the very best since March 1982 – and worse is more likely to come.
Sterling, one of many worst-performing currencies in opposition to the US greenback this yr, fell under $1.22, down 0.6 % on the day.
Some buyers decide the UK to be prone to persistently excessive inflation and recession, reflecting its massive imported power invoice, and steady Brexit troubles which may additional harm commerce ties with the European Union.
“With the financial outlook so unclear, nobody is aware of how excessive inflation may go, and the way lengthy it is going to proceed for – making fiscal and financial coverage judgements significantly powerful,” stated Jack Leslie, senior economist on the Decision Basis think-tank.
Earlier on Wednesday, the Decision Basis stated the cost-of-living hit for households had been compounded by Brexit, which had made Britain a extra closed economic system, with damaging long-term implications for productiveness and wages.
Britain’s headline inflation fee in Could was larger than in the USA, France, Germany and Italy. Whereas Japan and Canada have but to report shopper worth information for Could, neither are more likely to come shut.
The Financial institution of England stated final week that inflation was more likely to stay above 9 % over the approaching months earlier than peaking at barely above 11 % in October, when regulated family power payments are resulting from rise once more.
The British authorities was doing all it may to fight a surge in costs, finance minister Rishi Sunak stated after the information.
Costs for meals and non-alcoholic drinks rose by 8.7 % in annual phrases in Could – the largest bounce since March 2009 and making this class the largest driver of annual inflation final month.
Total shopper costs rose by 0.7 % in month-to-month phrases in Could, the ONS stated, just a little greater than the 0.6 % consensus.
British factory-gate costs – a key determinant of costs later paid by customers in retailers – had been 22.1 % larger in Could than a yr earlier, the largest improve since these data started in 1985, the ONS stated.