February 1 marks two years for the reason that army, led by military chief Senior Common Min Aung Hlaing, seized management of Myanmar.
Prior to now 12 months, the generals have stepped up their efforts to wipe out all opposition to their rule.
The nation’s elected chief, Aung San Suu Kyi, has been convicted of a litany of costs in proceedings that occurred behind closed doorways and faces the remainder of her life behind bars.
In a call that shocked the world, the army additionally hanged 4 anti-coup activists — the primary use of the dying penalty in additional than 30 years.
It has additionally turned more and more to air power in its crackdown on the anti-coup motion, and has deepened its ties with Russia, a key weapons provider.
Regardless of the continued crackdown, diplomatic efforts to finish the violence and restore the civilian authorities have largely did not make progress.
“It’s important we replicate on the worldwide group’s myriad failures in response to a disaster that is still as pressing at the moment because it was two years in the past,” Akila Radhakrishnan, president of the World Justice Middle, stated in a press release.
“It’s by no means too late for the worldwide group to study from its errors. The UN Safety Council might observe its latest and first-ever decision on Myanmar with a complete and ongoing plan of motion that features measures like a world arms embargo and a referral to the Worldwide Legal Court docket.”
Here’s a timeline of occasions for the reason that army seized energy in 2021:
The army detains Aung San Suu Kyi and different members of the Nationwide League for Democracy, which had been re-elected in a landslide in November 2020.
A state of emergency is asserted, and army chief Min Aung Hlaing seizes control.
Mass civil disobedience is asserted, with authorities employees, together with academics and medical doctors, strolling off the job.
The police announce the primary costs towards Aung San Suu Kyi — the unlawful use of walkie-talkies.
Police are accused of utilizing extreme and deadly pressure towards protesters in Naypyidaw, the capital. Mya Thwate Thwate Khaing, 20, is shot within the head and dies 10 days later. The army bans gatherings in townships throughout 10 areas.
Tens of 1000’s of individuals in Yangon and elsewhere in Myanmar be part of the anti-coup protests, the biggest crowd for the reason that generals’ energy seize. The USA imposes its first sanctions on coup chief Min Aung Hlaing and several other different senior generals for his or her roles within the coup. The European Union, Canada and others observe.
United Nations Ambassador Kyaw Moe Tun requires the “strongest doable motion” towards the army regime and ends his UN speech with the three-fingered salute adopted by the protesters.
A number of days later, the coup leaders announce he has been fired for “betraying” the nation. The UN has continued to keep up Kyaw Moe Tun’s credentials regardless of strain from the army regime.
The UN Safety Council unanimously requires a reversal of the army coup in Myanmar and condemns the army’s violence towards peaceable protesters.
The following day, Tom Andrews, the UN Particular Rapporteur on human rights in Myanmar, tells the UN’s Human Rights Council the nation is “being controlled by a murderous, illegal regime“.
Troops kill a minimum of 160 individuals because the army holds its conventional parade to mark Armed Forces Day.
Politicians compelled out of workplace by the army announce they’ve fashioned a Nationwide Unity Authorities (NUG).
Min Aung Hlaing travels to Jakarta for a summit with Southeast Asian leaders. The armed forces chief indicators a five-point plan to finish the violence and search an answer to the political disaster.
Aung San Suu Kyi seems in courtroom for the first time since her authorities was overthrown.
She faces quite a lot of costs, together with the unlawful import of walkie-talkies and breaking COVID-19 guidelines in the course of the 2020 election.
The army cancels the results of the 2020 election, claiming thousands and thousands of circumstances of fraud.
Worldwide and home observers who watched the polls stated there have been no major irregularities.
Min Aung Hlaing appoints himself prime minister within the army’s State Administration Council. He says the army will maintain elections by 2023.
The US costs two Myanmar residents over a plot to injure or kill UN Ambassador Kyaw Moe Tun.
The army releases Ashin Wirathu, a nationalist Buddhist monk infamous for his anti-Muslim tirades, after dropping sedition costs introduced by Aung San Suu Kyi’s deposed authorities.
The NUG requires a nationwide rebellion towards the generals.
“With the duty to guard the life and properties of the individuals, the Nationwide Unity Authorities … [has] launched a people’s defensive war towards the army junta,” Duwa Lashi La, the performing president of the NUG, stated in a video assertion posted on Fb.
“As this can be a public revolution, all of the residents inside total Myanmar, revolt towards the rule of the army terrorists led by Min Aung Hlaing in each nook of the nation.”
In an unprecedented transfer, the Affiliation of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) excludes Min Aung Hlaing from their summit, saying the army has did not make progress on its five-point plan to finish the disaster.
Myanmar costs Aung San Suu Kyi and 15 others with “electoral fraud and lawless actions” over the 2020 elections.
Aung San Suu Kyi is discovered responsible and jailed for 4 years on costs of “incitement” towards the army, in addition to breaching COVID-19 protocols. The sentence is later lower to 2 years.
The army rolls out the crimson carpet for Cambodia’s Prime Minister Hun Sen who turns into the primary — and thus far solely — overseas chief to go to Myanmar for the reason that coup.
The army executes 4 anti-coup activists within the first use of the dying penalty in Myanmar in additional than 30 years.
Phyo Zeya Thaw, a former legislator from the NLD, and outstanding democracy activist Kyaw Min Yu, higher generally known as Ko Jimmy, have been hanged for his or her involvement in organising “brutal and inhumane terror acts”, the state-run World New Gentle of Myanmar newspaper stated.
Hla Myo Aung and Aung Thura Zaw have been additionally executed.
Dozens extra are on dying row.
Russian Overseas Minister Sergey Lavrov visits Myanmar amid deepening ties between Moscow and the army regime.
Min Aung Hlaing meets Russian President Vladimir Putin on the sidelines of the Moscow-organised Jap Financial Discussion board in Vladivostok, Russia.
“Our relations are developing positively,” the state-owned RIA information company quoted Putin as saying in the course of the talks.
Not less than 11 youngsters are killed and greater than a dozen injured after the army bombs a faculty within the restive Sagaing area the place it’s dealing with sustained resistance.
The then-Malaysian Overseas Minister Saifuddin Abdullah says ASEAN must resolve whether or not the five-point consensus is “still relevant” or “must be changed”.
Australian economist Sean Turnell, Japanese filmmaker Toru Kubota, outstanding enterprise adviser and former United Kingdom Ambassador Vicky Bowman, and American Kyaw Htay Oo are amongst 5,774 prisoners released in an Amnesty to mark Victory Day.
“It’s one vivid spot in what’s in any other case an extremely darkish time, the place we see issues going from dangerous to worse in Burma,” US Secretary of State Antony Blinken stated of the amnesty, utilizing Myanmar’s former title.
The UN Safety Council adopts its first resolution on Myanmar since it was admitted to the world body as Burma in 1948, demanding an finish to violence and the discharge of all political prisoners, together with Aung San Suu Kyi.
Of the council’s 15 members, 12 vote in favour. China and Russia, who’ve supported Myanmar’s military leaders for the reason that coup, abstain as does India.
Aung San Suu Kyi’s trials conclude as she is handed a seven-year time period for corruption. The 77-year-old Nobel Peace Prize laureate faces a complete of 33 years in prison. The army gives no particulars on the place she will probably be held.
The army frees greater than 7,000 prisoners as a part of an amnesty to mark 75 years of independence. Just a few are identified to be political prisoners.
Greater than a dozen survivors of army abuses in Myanmar lodge a criminal complaint in Germany, asking prosecutors to research and convey to trial these liable for committing atrocities throughout crackdowns on opponents of the coup and towards the Rohingya minority.
“This grievance gives new proof proving that the Myanmar army systematically killed, raped, tortured, imprisoned, disappeared, persecuted and dedicated different acts that quantity to genocide, crimes towards humanity and battle crimes in violation of German regulation,” stated Matthew Smith, CEO and co-founder of advocacy group Fortify Rights, which filed the swimsuit.
The UN finds that the cultivation of opium has surged since the military coup.
The state-run World New Gentle of Myanmar publishes a restrictive new law on political parties.
Among the many measures, events and people deemed to have hyperlinks to “terrorism” — the army refers to its opponents within the Folks’s Defence Forces and NUG as “terrorists” — will probably be barred from standing.
Two years for the reason that army seized energy.
The Help Affiliation for Political Prisoners (AAPP) estimates almost 3,000 anti-coup activists and civilians have been killed for the reason that coup — double the quantity from a 12 months in the past.
AAPP information present 17,572 individuals have been arrested, with 13,763 nonetheless in detention.
The UN estimates some 1.5 million individuals have been compelled from their houses by the combating.
The USA, United Kingdom, Australia and Canada announce new sanctions concentrating on the army regime, and, for the primary time, officers from Myanma Oil and Gasoline Enterprise (MOGE), which the US says is the miltary’s greatest income.
“We reiterate our name for the return of Myanmar to a democratic path,” they stated in a joint assertion with the overseas ministers of Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Federated States of Micronesia, Georgia, Ghana, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, New Zealand, North Macedonia, Norway, South Korea, Marshall Islands, Palau, Serbia, Switzerland and Ukraine.
“The army regime should finish violence and create area for significant and inclusive dialogue to permit for any democratic course of to renew.