Cameroon fans celebrate after historic 1-0 victory over Brazil | Qatar World Cup 2022

They won’t have made it by to the following stage of the World Cup event however Cameroon’s supporters departed Lusail Stadium in Qatar realizing their team had made history by beating Brazil.

Capping a sequence of gorgeous upsets soccer followers have now grow to be accustomed to on the Qatar 2022 World Cup, Cameroon delivered a shock 1-0 defeat to Brazil on Friday evening – the primary time an African nation has beaten the Brazilians on the World Cup.

Brazil has received all seven earlier conferences with African groups on the World Cup, together with beating Cameroon in 1994 and once more in 2014.

However the historic victory was not sufficient for Cameroon to qualify for the following Spherical of 16 after securing third place in Group G behind Brazil and Switzerland, who defeated Serbia 3-2 within the different remaining group match on Friday.

“We really feel nice, don’t you are feeling nice? It’s so satisfying. I’m very completely satisfied. We lastly beat Brazil,” John Epanty, who’s from Cameroon, informed Al Jazeera after the match.

“Brazil is without doubt one of the greatest groups on the planet. If you happen to’re in search of a comfort win, you need this victory,” he mentioned.

Fellow Cameroonian Caleb Williams predicted celebrations would go on all evening again in Cameroon.

“They’re already consuming and might be until morning,” Williams mentioned. “I imply, we took out Brazil, that’s big,” he informed Al Jazeera.

The winning goal from Vincent Aboubakar got here within the closing 92nd minute of the sport and other than bringing victory, it additionally electrified supporters of the Indomitable Lions at Lusail Stadium who had probably anticipated the sport to finish in a draw.

Cameroon v Brazil,
Gamers in motion in the course of the Cameroon vs Brazil, Group G match on the FIFA World Cup 2022, December 2, Lusail Stadium [Sorin Furcoi/Al Jazeera]

After the match and although few in quantity, the Cameroon supporters made the perfect of the particular second, singing the reward of their workforce whereas media cameras swarmed to file the aftermath of the historic win. Brazilian followers joined within the celebrations too, realizing they misplaced however had already certified for the following stage which is able to see them face South Korea on December 5.

Nonetheless, the shock of Cameroon’s purpose within the dying minutes of the sport was an excessive amount of for some Brazil supporters.

“I don’t really feel so good,” Patricia Luze from Sao Paolo informed Al Jazeera.

“I used to be not anticipating that purpose,” mentioned Luze, who has tickets for the World Cup remaining and is hoping to see her workforce compete in that match.

“The ultimate is right here and I hope to be right here once more after we will, by God’s grace, increase the cup once more,” she mentioned.

Earlier than kick-off on Friday, the contingent of Cameroonian followers at Lusail had been clearly outnumbered by the hundreds of Brazil followers who turned Lusail right into a sea of yellow and inexperienced.

Brazil is seen by many as the best footballing nation on the planet and the vitality of their followers on Friday – decked out in T-shirts, scarves and waving flags – demonstrated how a lot they love their five-time World Cup winners.

A Brazil fan in the stands holding a flag | Cameroon v Brazil, Group G, FIFA World Cup 2022, December 2, Lusail Stadium [Sorin Furcoi/Al Jazeera]
A Brazil soccer fan in the course of the Cameroon vs Brazil, Group G, FIFA World Cup 2022, on December 2, at Lusail Stadium [Sorin Furcoi/Al Jazeera]

The victory was “bittersweet”, mentioned Samuel Ngassam from Douala in Cameroon.

“Sure, we beat Brazil. I’m proud,” he mentioned.

“However there are lots of classes from this we should take,” Ngassam informed Al Jazeera whereas a bunch of close by Brazilian followers referred to as him to affix them for a brief video.

Ngassam mentioned the Cameroon workforce “ought to have proven extra coronary heart” and that, of their earlier video games, it appeared as if they might have settled for attracts.

Tonight, nevertheless, was not about qualifying for the following spherical of the World Cup, it was all about Brazil, he mentioned.

“As we speak we beat Brazil. That’s all that issues,” he added.

“I’ll fear about all the things else once I get up.”

Brazil votes: Amazon loggers hope for Bolsonaro victory | Elections News

That is the third in a three-part collection on Roraima within the context of Brazil’s normal elections. The venture was supported by the Pulitzer Heart’s Rainforest Journalism Fund.

Rorainopolis, Brazil – Luiz Gomes is nervous concerning the prospects of Brazil’s presidential election, which heads to a second round on Sunday.

Because the proprietor of a sawmill in Nova Colina, a logging district in Rorainopolis in southern Roraima state, he fears {that a} extra “environmentalist” authorities may suffocate the native timber commerce, which he says is already in decline. Gomes blames extreme “paperwork” and crackdowns on unlawful logging which have closed dozens of Roraima sawmills, together with a 2020 raid during which one logger was shot useless.

“The trade broke quite a bit, as a result of what occurred was that individuals who have been working in response to the legislation … suffered in the identical manner as others who have been unlawful,” Gomes instructed Al Jazeera. He believes the re-election of far-right President Jair Bolsonaro, who favours a hands-off method to environmental regulation, may revitalise the trade.

“This election could be very decisive for us,” he mentioned. “Our help right here is completely with President Bolsonaro.”

Whereas critics overseas and in Brazil’s coastal capitals have denounced Bolsonaro’s environmental document citing soaring Amazon deforestation, raging fires and an uptick in violent assaults on Indigenous lands, the president enjoys widespread help in Roraima. Within the first spherical of the election earlier this month, Bolsonaro gained near 70 p.c of the vote in Roraima – the very best proportion of any Brazilian state.

Cattle graze in Rorainópolis, south Roraima.
Cattle graze in Rorainopolis, south Roraima state [Avener Prado/Al Jazeera]

His rival, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, the left-wing former president who has pledged to crack down on Amazon deforestation, at the moment leads nationwide polls by a slender margin, however carried out the worst in Roraima of any state.

Since Bolsonaro took workplace in 2019, southern Roraima has seen a dramatic uptick in deforestation, in response to Paulo Barni, a professor of forest engineering at Roraima State College. The area is “at the moment one of many most threatened parts of Brazil’s Amazon”, he instructed Al Jazeera.

“[We have reached] a brand new frontier of deforestation,” Barni mentioned, citing unlawful logging, speculative land grabbing and cattle rearing as the principle drivers.

Based on authorities information, in 2019, Roraima registered 590 sq. kilometres (228 sq. miles) of forest cleared, the very best stage on document for the state since 1989. About 300sq km (116sq miles) have been cleared in every of 2020 and 2021, with many of the deforestation occurring in Rorainopolis and different cities within the state’s southern area. Within the decade earlier than Bolsonaro took workplace, the typical annual determine was about 170sq km (65sq miles).

Settlers from throughout the Brazilian Amazon have flocked to southern Roraima in recent times as land costs have risen in different areas the place soybean production, at the moment considered one of Brazil’s most worthwhile commodities, has grown, Barni mentioned.

“Individuals promote 100 hectares [of land] in Rondonia, then they purchase 500 hectares [1,235 acres] right here, or extra,” he mentioned.

An improvised sawmill in to cut Amazon hardwoods in Bairro União, Rorainópolis
An improvised sawmill to chop Amazon hardwoods in Bairro Uniao, Rorainopolis [Avener Prado/Al Jazeera]

Staking claims

Daniel Alves da Silva was born in Sao Paulo, however since 2000, he has moved across the Brazilian Amazon, working as a carpenter and furnishings maker in logging districts. He moved from Rondonia to southern Roraima to work within the native timber commerce a couple of decade in the past. In 2020, he purchased a 12 hectares (30 acres) plot of land in Bairro Uniao, a rural squatter’s settlement on the outskirts of Rorainopolis, and constructed a home.

“After I arrived, there was right here nothing, simply forest,” Silva instructed Al Jazeera at his dwelling, the place he grows fruit and raises chickens.

In Brazil’s vast Amazon states, it is not uncommon for settlers and small-scale farmers to squat to stake their declare to land, earlier than finally promoting the plot to a big farming operation and transferring on – a course of that specialists say perpetuates deforestation. This course of is typically inspired by large-scale farmers searching for to broaden their holdings.

Driving to Silva’s property, indicators of deforestation and land hypothesis are clear: cattle graze amongst toppled timber in just lately cleared fields, and an enormous tree trunk rests by an improvised sawmill. Many plots of land have for-sale indicators with WhatsApp numbers.

Cattle rearing sometimes follows deforestation in Brazil’s Amazon, and over the past decade, the variety of cattle in Rorainopolis has almost doubled to 80,000, in response to Brazil’s Institute of Geography and Statistics.

Silva, who retired from carpentry after most native sawmills closed amid police crackdowns on unlawful logging, says he’s now planning to promote his land and transfer to a bigger plot in a remoter a part of southern Roraima, the place he plans to boost cattle. Like many in Rorainopolis, he helps Bolsonaro: “His discuss is actual; for me, he has taken care of Brazil properly.”

Daniel Alves da Silva on his property in south Roraima. He wants to move to a bigger plot of land to raise cattle
Daniel Alves da Silva, on his property in south Roraima, desires to maneuver to a much bigger plot of land to boost cattle [Avener Prado/Al Jazeera]

Fuelling deforestation

Together with settlers and landowners from different components of Brazil, biofuel operations have developed in southern Roraima in recent times. Palm oil plantations will be seen alongside the BR-174 freeway in Rorainopolis, together with staff and transport vans. Brasil BioFuels, which produces palm oil, describes Roraima as a “new agricultural frontier”; it cultivates 1000’s of hectares of palms within the southern city of Sao Joao da Baliza.

However the development of palm oil manufacturing can not directly gas deforestation, as small landowners of degraded pastures promote to giant corporations after which transfer on elsewhere, a Roraima State College research concluded.

Elsewhere within the Amazon, in Para state, Brasil BioFuels has been accused of encroaching on Indigenous lands, the place members of the Turiwara neighborhood say they have been shot at by safety guards working for the corporate. One particular person died. Brasil BioFuels has mentioned the corporate was not concerned within the incident.

Of Brazil’s Amazon states, Roraima is essentially the most remoted, however that will quickly change.

In July, Brazil’s environmental regulator granted an preliminary allow to pave the BR-319 freeway that connects the Amazonian capital of Porto Velho in Rondonia state with Manaus in Amazonas. At the moment, a lot of the freeway is unpaved, rendering it virtually unusable for cargo autos, particularly through the wet season. Observers say the information has prompted a rise in settlers transferring to southern Roraima.

A truck transports logs to a sawmill along the BR-174 Highway in south Roraima
A truck transports logs to a sawmill alongside the BR-174 freeway in south Roraima [Avener Prado/Al Jazeera]

“Roraima is among the final frontiers. What impedes that is the entry,” Barni mentioned.

Construction of highways in Brazil’s Amazon has lengthy been a significant driver of deforestation and human rights abuses, with the Trans-Amazonian Freeway, usually nicknamed the TransMisery, constructed throughout Brazil’s navy dictatorship, being essentially the most notorious case. In Roraima, the BR-174 freeway, which connects the state with neighbouring Amazonas, decimated the Waimiri-Atroari Indigenous inhabitants.

‘Ready to invade’

At this time, Indigenous communities in Roraima, equivalent to Yanomami and Raposa Serra do Sol, have been grappling with an uptick in illegal mining operations since Bolsonaro’s election. Within the state’s southern area, the realm surrounding the Wai-wai Indigenous land within the city of Caroebe has turn into a brand new focus of deforestation, with Wai-wai rating among the many most-threatened Indigenous territories within the nation, in response to a current report by the Imazon analysis group.

Raimundo Nonato da Conceicao, who grows bananas on the outskirts of the Wai-wai area, says he has been approached a number of instances about promoting his land, however he has refused. Al Jazeera surveyed the area close to his dwelling with a drone, revealing huge tracts of land that had been deforested.

Conceicao additionally helps Bolsonaro’s re-election, noting that he was pressured to depart an unlawful gold-mining operation in Yanomami after a crackdown by authorities.

“I left with nothing,” he mentioned. “Bolsonaro won’t be the very best, however he’s combating for our battle for the Amazon.”

Palm oil plantations along the BR-174 Highway in south Roraima
Palm oil plantations alongside the BR-174 freeway in south Roraima [Avener Prado/Al Jazeera]

Southern Roraima can be dwelling to the remoted Pirititi Indigenous group, who’ve seen about half their territory – which isn’t but totally protected by the state – claimed by land grabbers, in response to a current report from Brazil’s Socio-Environmental Institute. The territory is at the moment protected by a brief order that runs out this December.

“We all know that the settlers round there know precisely when the order runs out, and are ready to invade the territory,” Alisson Marugal, a federal prosecutor based mostly in Roraima, instructed Al Jazeera.

Southern Roraima has lengthy been on the coronary heart of a few of Brazil’s largest environmental scandals involving unlawful timber extraction.

In 2018, authorities carried out a document seizure of unlawful timber within the Pirititi area, the place they discovered greater than 7,000 illegally minimize logs – sufficient to fill 1,000 vans.

In 2012, police uncovered an enormous deforestation rip-off involving businessmen, corrupt federal brokers and fraudulent environmental licences. “With fraudulent paperwork, they’d take away timber from wherever – Indigenous lands, conservation items – beneath the guise that it was authorized,” Alexandre Saraiva, who headed the federal police in Roraima on the time, instructed Al Jazeera.

As federal police chief of the neighbouring Amazonas state, Saraiva went on to guide Brazil’s largest-ever seizure of timber in 2021, after which Bolsonaro’s then-environment minister, Ricardo Salles, resigned his post. Saraiva was additionally faraway from his submit in a transfer that was broadly thought to be political persecution.

Salles and Saraiva ran for Congress this 12 months for Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, respectively; solely Salles was elected.

Raimundo Nonato da Conceição stands among banana trees on his patch of land in south Roraima
Raimundo Nonato da Conceicao stands amongst banana timber on his patch of land in south Roraima [Avener Prado/Al Jazeera]

Declining trade

Between August 2020 and July 2021, 40 p.c of the timber extracted in Roraima was unauthorised, in response to a research by Imazon. The earlier 12 months, the overall quantity of timber eliminated within the state was 87 p.c larger, reflecting the decline of the timber commerce.

Gomes, the sawmill proprietor in Rorainopolis, maintains that he works inside the legislation, however he additionally blames federal police for the native trade’s decline. Though he was just lately in a position to export a cargo of timber to Belgium, he says he can not safe financial institution loans to broaden his enterprise as a result of trade’s maligned repute. To assist fight this, he makes use of an app known as “Logger” that purports to hint timber from its supply.

However Saraiva says it’s nonetheless extraordinarily straightforward to disguise the illicit origins of Amazonian timber, and loggers “have a political protect”.

Based on Gomes, because the native timber commerce has weakened, a few of the labour drive has moved to illegal mining. However on this month’s elections, Roraima didn’t elect any environmentalist or left-leaning native legislators, federal lawmakers or senators – and Gomes’s choose for governor, Bolsonaro ally Antonio Denarium, simply gained the state race.

He hopes that no matter who wins the nationwide race, native politicians will work collectively to convey southern Roraima’s logging trade again to life.

“When the timber commerce is powerful, even the blokes that promote kebabs on the road are raking it in,” he mentioned.

Signs of recent deforestation in Caroebe, south Roraima
Indicators of current deforestation in Caroebe, south Roraima [Avener Prado/Al Jazeera]

Brazil police arrest 2nd man in Bruno Pereira, Dom Phillips case | News

Fisherman Oseney da Costa de Oliveira, brother of the primary detainee, was arrested on suspicion of involvement within the disappearance.

Brazilian police have arrested a second suspect as a part of the investigation into the disappearance of Indigenous professional Bruno Pereira and British journalist Don Phillips in a distant a part of the Amazon forest.

Federal police in an announcement on Tuesday recognized the person as fisherman Oseney da Costa de Oliveira, whom they mentioned was “suspected of taking part within the affair”.

The 41-year-old is the brother of the primary suspect to be detained within the case, Amarildo da Costa de Oliveira, in accordance with Brazilian media.

Amarildo, nicknamed Pelado, was arrested final week within the riverside village of Sao Gabriel the place the 2 lacking males had been final seen on June 5. Police on Tuesday seized some ammunition and an oar throughout a search within the village, the assertion mentioned, with out offering particulars on why the objects had been confiscated, who they belonged to, or the place they had been discovered.

Each suspects are being held on the police station in Atalaia do Norte, the closest city, the place the second man was arrested.

Indigenous individuals who had been with Pereira and Phillips say Pelado brandished a rifle at them on the day earlier than the 2 males disappeared.

Pelado has denied any wrongdoing. Oseney advised The Related Press information company on Friday he visited his brother in jail and was advised that native police had tortured him to get a confession.

The second arrest comes because the seek for the 2 males, which is led by Indigenous folks and Brazilian safety forces, entered its eleventh day amid fading hopes of discovering them alive and protracted worldwide strain to resolve the case.

Brazilian Navy members conduct a search operation for British journalist Dom Phillips and indigenous expert Bruno Pereira, who went missing while reporting in a remote and lawless part of the Amazon rainforest, near the border with Peru, in Atalaia do Norte, Amazonas state, Brazil June 14,
The Brazilian Navy conducts a search operation for Bruno Pereira and Dom Phillips [Bruno Kelly/Reuters]

What do we all know to this point?

The disappearance of the 2 males – Pereira is a 41-year-old professional with Brazil’s authorities company for Indigenous affairs, and Phillips a 57-year-old veteran contributor to The Guardian newspaper who was engaged on a e-book on environmental safety – sparked world concern from human rights teams, environmentalists, politicians and press freedom advocates.

The pair went lacking within the Javari Valley as they had been heading by boat on the Itaquai River to Atalaia do Norte. Their journey had began days earlier at Lake Jaburu, the place they’d interviewed native folks.

The valley is a distant jungle area dwelling to 26 totally different Indigenous peoples, lots of whom stay in isolation. Authorities warned that the area is “complicated” due to the presence of rogue fishermen, miners and loggers who invade protected Indigenous lands to use their sources. Drug trafficking has additionally elevated within the area lately.

On Sunday, the safety forces mentioned they had found personal items belonging to the pair, together with Pereira’s well being card, trousers and boots, in addition to Phillips’s backpack and clothes. Officers mentioned these things had been discovered within the water close to the house of Amarildo da Costa Oliveira.

Witnesses reportedly mentioned they’d seen the fisherman in a motorboat, following the boat Pereira and Phillips had been in at excessive velocity earlier than they disappeared. Police mentioned they discovered blood on a tarp in Oliveira’s boat.

Authorities are analysing the blood and what are believed to be human stays discovered within the space, and outcomes are anticipated this week.

Confusion arose on Monday when family of the journalist mentioned a Brazilian diplomat in London advised them two our bodies had been discovered and the stays had been being analysed to see in the event that they belonged to Phillips or Pereira.

However the federal police, who’re the official spokespeople within the case, denied that our bodies had been discovered. Indigenous folks collaborating within the search additionally issued a denial.