Hijab ban proposal sparks debate, protests in Denmark | Human Rights News

The Danish Fee for the Forgotten Ladies’s Battle – a physique arrange by Denmark’s ruling Social Democratic Get together – has recommended that the nation’s authorities ban hijabs (Muslim headscarves) for college kids in Danish elementary faculties.

The August 24 proposal is one in every of 9 suggestions with the acknowledged intention of stopping “honour-related social management” of women from minority backgrounds.

The opposite suggestions suggest offering Danish language programs, selling fashionable little one upbringing practices in ethnic minority households, and strengthening sexual schooling in elementary faculties.

Huda Makai Asghar, 15, can be pressured to take off her headband if the ban is applied. The ninth grader on the Kokkedal Skole – a faculty outdoors of the Danish capital, Copenhagen, with near 800 college students – has been carrying the hijab for 2 years.

“I’ve all the time identified that we’ve got freedom of faith in Denmark. I can put on what I need, and I can imagine in what I like. So after I heard concerning the proposal, I used to be stunned,” she informed Al Jazeera on the telephone.

Asghar feels the concept of a ban violates her freedom, and that of women like her, and that it’s incorrect to pressure her to take the headband off.

“I can’t try this; it is part of me,” she stated.

People protesting
The Fee for the Forgotten Ladies’s Battle proposed a hijab ban as one in every of 9 suggestions [Courtesy of Lamia Ibnhsain]

The ban proposal has sparked a backlash in Denmark.

Iram Khawaja, an affiliate professor on the Danish College of Training at Aarhus College, has been outspoken in opposition to the proposal.

Her analysis focuses on how kids from spiritual and ethnic minorities navigate Danish society, and she or he is co-founder of the Skilled Psychology Community In opposition to Discrimination.

In keeping with Khawaja, a ban is not going to clear up any of the problems confronted by ladies who’re topic to social management.

“Quite the opposite, a ban can add to greater points. The ladies who’re already being uncovered to damaging social management shall be put underneath growing stress,” she informed Al Jazeera.

“It’s problematic to equate carrying the hijab with damaging social management – there are additionally ladies who don’t put on the hijab who’re uncovered to damaging social management,” Khawaja added.

In keeping with the fee’s report (PDF), the “use of scarves in elementary faculty can create a division between kids in two teams – ‘us’ and ‘them’”.

The examine was carried out by the analysis corporations Als Analysis and Epinion on behalf of the Danish Ministry of Training. It’s based mostly on a survey of 1,441 college students in sixth to eighth grades from 19 elementary faculties and eight unbiased and personal faculties, in addition to 22 interviews with college students and 17 interviews with academics.

In keeping with Khawaja, a examine from 2018 on the extent of damaging social management confirmed that few Danish faculty kids – 8 % of the members within the examine – are literally uncovered to social management.

“The vast majority of ladies carrying the hijab are doing it of their very own free will,” Khawaja stated.

In keeping with her, merely making the advice and the talk that can comply with may have damaging penalties.

“It can, in fact, have penalties if the ban is put into motion, however I imagine there are already damaging outcomes now. Merely placing the proposal out there’s already stigmatising, problematising, and casting suspicion on a big group of spiritual minorities,” she stated.

“Though the intentions are good, it finally ends up stigmatising and disempowering those you are attempting to assist.”

Lone Jørgensen, principal of Tilst Skole, an elementary faculty in Jutland with roughly 700 college students, doesn’t assist the advisable ban, both.

“The ban would create a regulation between the youngsters and their dad and mom, and the youngsters would get caught in between, “Jørgensen informed Al Jazeera.

“My job is to run faculty for everybody, the place there’s room for everybody and everyone seems to be of equal worth.”

‘A part of Denmark’

On August 26, a number of thousand folks took to the streets of Copenhagen to protest the ban proposal.

In keeping with the Danish newspapers Arbejderen and B.T., a number of thousand took to the streets.

Midwife and activist Lamia Ibnhsain, 37, organised the occasion, titled “Fingers off our hijabs”.

“I realised that our voices are invisible in society. The preliminary intention with the demonstration was to go to the streets and make our voices heard,” she informed Al Jazeera.

Ibnhsain stated she has had “a variety of tough emotions” following the ban proposal.

She has felt “othered”, positioned underneath suspicion as a mom, and she or he fears a ban would possibly add to some ladies feeling “incorrect” in comparison with others.

“Muslim ladies carrying the hijab are in every single place in Danish society. They’re docs, psychologists, bus drivers, and artists. They’re part of Denmark,” she stated.

Ibnhsain is a mom to 2 ladies – an eight-year-old and a 16-year-old.

Her older daughter wears the hijab, whereas the youngest wears it on days when she feels prefer it.

Ibnhsain explains how speaking to her ladies a couple of attainable ban has been powerful.

“My ladies are carrying the hijab with pleasure and happiness. The hijab is a matter of the center, and it ought to not at all be was a political dialogue,” she stated. “It violates my ladies’ primary rights.”

The fee

The fee was arrange by the present ruling occasion, the Social Democratic Get together, in January.

Though it offered the suggestions unanimously on August 24, two members of the fee afterward retracted their assist for a hijab ban following the talk, which led to one in every of them withdrawing fully from the fee, stating that she couldn’t assist the proposal of a ban.

Hijab ban protest
The advice of a hijab ban has sparked a powerful backlash in Denmark [Courtesy of Lamia Ibnhsain]

In a written response to the criticism of the examine offered to the fee in an electronic mail, the secretariat behind the fee informed Al Jazeera it had been arrange by the federal government and its mission was to current suggestions on how to make sure that all ladies from a minority background may get pleasure from the identical rights and freedoms as different Danish ladies.

“The fee focuses on how Danish society can reinforce the efforts in opposition to honour-related social management, which we all know from analysis is an issue in sure environments in Denmark,” it stated in an electronic mail response.

“The examine from 2018, which is referred to, states that solely 43 % of the ethnic minority ladies within the examine are allowed to see male buddies of their spare time, whereas the identical is the case for 88 % of the ethnic Danish ladies,” the assertion learn.

“And 13 % of ethnic minority ladies are afraid that their households will plan their future in opposition to their will, whereas the identical is the case for five % of the ethnic majority ladies. One of many goals of the fee is to carry suggestions on easy methods to equalise variations like these between Danes who’re ethnic minorities and majorities,” it added.

The secretariat stated the fee consisted of 9 members with completely different backgrounds and information – “they’re folks with sensible expertise, analysis backgrounds, and individuals who have skilled these points personally. All know concerning the challenges associated to countering honour-related social management”.

The fee is about to make extra suggestions within the coming months.

EU members split over travel ban against Russians | Russia-Ukraine war News

Members of the European Union are divided over a proposed ban on vacationer visas for Russians looking for to enter the 27-nation bloc with France and Germany warning towards such a measure.

The Czech Republic, which holds the rotating EU presidency, needs to droop a 2007 deal that eased visa functions for Russian vacationers and a few European Union members have urged an outright visa ban.

“There is no such thing as a place for tourism,” stated Czech International Minister Jan Lipavsky, who’s internet hosting a casual two-day assembly of the bloc’s overseas ministers in Prague.

However some nations together with EU powerhouses Germany and France in addition to Hungary, Luxembourg and Austria have raised objections.

“We warning towards far-reaching restrictions on our visa coverage, with a purpose to forestall feeding the Russian narrative and set off unintended rallying-around the flag results and/or estranging future generations,” France and Germany stated in a joint memo as reported by the Reuters information company on Tuesday upfront of the assembly.

Japanese and Nordic nations have strongly backed such a ban, saying that journey to the EU is a privilege, not a proper, and that permitting Russians to social gathering on European seashores at a time when their nation has invaded Ukraine is unacceptable.

The Kremlin slammed the proposed ban as “irrational”, whereas Paris and Berlin argued that, six months into the warfare, the EU ought to keep away from penalising peculiar Russians who may oppose their authorities’s actions and harbour pro-Western sympathies.

One EU diplomat stated divisions on the difficulty meant an settlement on the two-day assembly of ministers in Prague was unlikely. Member-state prime diplomats would wish to succeed in a unanimous settlement to implement a ban, which might be the bloc’s newest motion meant to punish Russia over its invasion of Ukraine.

Marie Dumoulin, director of the Wider Europe Program on the European Council on International Relations (ECFR) stated that the detrimental impact of a blanket visa ban would outdo the ethical benefits of such a measure.

“Assuming {that a} visa ban for Russian vacationers would improve the general public’s strain on Russian authorities and convey a few coverage change is wishful pondering,” Dumoulin stated, noting that lower than a 3rd of Russians can journey overseas and once they do, the EU is just not their vacation spot.

“A blanket visa ban would stigmatise Russians and play into the arms of the Russian propaganda, which depicts the West as primarily pushed by its Russophobia,” she added.

On Sunday, the pinnacle of EU overseas coverage, Joseph Borell additionally warned against the move: “I don’t suppose that to chop the connection with the Russian civilian inhabitants will assist and I don’t suppose that this concept can have the required unanimity,” he stated chatting with  Austria’s ORF TV.

As a brief compromise, ministers may agree in precept on suspending a visa facilitation settlement, which might imply Russians going through an extended process and having to pay 80 euros as a substitute of 35 for his or her EU visa, the diplomat stated.

However which will effectively not be sufficient for pro-ban nations, particularly these bordering Russia, a few of which have already individually stopped issuing visas.

“I hope that we can agree on a typical European answer that may enable to considerably restrict the circulate of vacationers from Russia to Europe,” Lithuanian International Minister Gabrielius Landsbergis stated in an announcement.

“If all 27 EU nations fail to succeed in an settlement, a regional answer for the nations most affected by the circulate of Russian vacationers could also be sought sooner or later.”

Finland, which has an extended land border with Russia and has stated it doesn’t need to turn out to be a hub for Russian vacationers getting into the EU, has sharply reduce the variety of visas it grants them.

Earlier this month, Estonia closed its border to greater than 50,000 Russians with beforehand issued visas, the primary EU nation to take action.

“It is vitally provocative to me that you just see Russian males on European seashores in southern Europe and on the similar time Ukrainian males between 18 and 60 years can’t even depart their nation, however need to combat for his or her freedom,” Denmark’s International Minister Jeppe Kofod stated final week.

Describing the requires a visa ban for instance of the West’s “anti-Russian agenda”, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov stated, “Step-by-step, sadly, each Brussels and particular person European capitals are demonstrating an absolute lack of cause.”

And any visa ban would “not go unanswered”, he added.

Four more Republican-led US states ban almost all abortions | Women’s Rights News

4 extra Republican-led states will ban virtually all abortions this week as one more slate of legal guidelines severely limiting the process takes impact following the US Supreme Court docket’s resolution to overturn Roe v Wade, which had enshrined the federal proper to abortion.

To this point, 13 states have handed so-called set off legal guidelines that have been designed to outlaw most abortions if the excessive court docket threw out the constitutional proper to finish a being pregnant. The vast majority of these states started imposing their bans quickly after the June 24 resolution, however Idaho, Tennessee and Texas needed to wait 30 days past when the justices formally entered the judgement, which occurred a number of weeks after the ruling was introduced.

That deadline is up Thursday. North Dakota’s set off regulation is scheduled to take impact Friday.

The change won’t be dramatic. All of those states besides North Dakota already had anti-abortion rights legal guidelines in place that largely blocked sufferers from accessing the procedure. And nearly all of the clinics that offered abortions in these areas have both stopped providing these companies or moved to different states the place abortion stays authorized.

Texas, the nation’s second-largest state, has banned most abortions as soon as foetal cardiac exercise has been detected, which could be as early as six weeks into being pregnant earlier than many ladies know they’re pregnant. The ban has been in place for nearly a 12 months since courts refused to cease the regulation final September.

Whereas clinics have been severely restricted in the services they may present throughout that point, they formally stopped providing abortions on the day of the Supreme Court docket ruling. Republican Legal professional Normal Ken Paxton argued that state legal guidelines that banned abortion earlier than Roe v Wade may very well be enforced forward of the implementation of the set off regulation.

Very similar to Texas’s present abortion ban, the trigger law doesn’t embrace exceptions for rape or incest. As an alternative, it has a loophole if a girl’s life or well being is at risk.

The political response to the change was swift: Democrat Beto O’Rourke selected Thursday to unveil the primary TV ads in his marketing campaign towards Republican Governor Greg Abbott, who signed off on the statute.

One of many advertisements features a voiceover saying some ladies will die due to the regulation.

“From at the present time ahead,” the commercial begins, “ladies all across Texas are not free to make choices about our personal physique.”

In the meantime, Texas has challenged a authorized interpretation put forth by the federal authorities that was geared toward requiring Texas hospitals to supply abortion companies if the lifetime of the mom is in danger. On Wednesday, a federal decide briefly blocked the federal government from imposing that interpretation.

Texas argued that the federal steerage would have required hospitals to supply abortions earlier than the mom’s life is clearly in danger, which might have violated the state’s set off regulation.

An analogous state of affairs performed out in Idaho, however a federal decide dominated Wednesday that the state’s abortion ban violated federal regulation.

US District Decide B Lynn Winmill mentioned the state couldn’t implement its abortion ban in circumstances the place pregnant sufferers have been experiencing a medical emergency that critically threatened their lives or well being. Idaho’s abortion ban makes all abortions felonies however permits physicians to defend themselves in court docket by arguing that the process was obligatory to save lots of the lifetime of the mom or executed in circumstances of rape or incest.

Over in Tennessee, simply two of the six clinics that present abortions continued to supply the service after Roe was overturned. They did so at the same time as Tennessee enacted a “heartbeat regulation” much like the one handed in Texas. Below each the brand new set off regulation and the earlier heartbeat regulation, medical doctors who violate the regulation threat felony convictions and as much as 15 years in jail.

Working after the excessive court docket’s abortion ruling has been at occasions a “painful” expertise, mentioned Melissa Grant, the chief operations officer of carafem, which has had a Nashville clinic since 2019. The authorized atmosphere has required tough conversations between staffers and sufferers who could also be unaware of how early in being pregnant cardiac exercise could be detected.

As a result of Tennessee requires sufferers to attend 48 hours earlier than getting an abortion, Grant says her employees has seen some sufferers qualify for the process throughout an preliminary go to solely to be turned away two days later as a result of an ultrasound picked up foetal cardiac exercise.

“After we discover that we do finally have to show any person away, whether or not it’s the primary go to, the second go to, the conversations could be very emotional. Primarily anger, concern, grief, generally disbelief, and it’s tough for the employees,” she mentioned.

The state of affairs is comparable in Memphis, the place abortion suppliers at the region’s lone working clinic say they turned away practically 100 sufferers who didn’t qualify for an abortion throughout their second go to, mentioned Jennifer Pepper, the chief government officer of CHOICES: Memphis Heart for Reproductive Well being.

That stress compounded within the days main as much as the set off regulation deadline. Because the final appointments befell, the employees needed to weigh every affected person’s state of affairs towards the chance that they’ll qualify underneath Tennessee’s already sharp restrictions and their potential to journey out of state.

CHOICES was the primary abortion clinic to open in Memphis in 1974, and on Thursday it can turn into the final. The clinic is bracing for the change by rising its midwife assets, increasing the start centre and providing gender-affirming care. It is usually opening a second location in Carbondale, Illinois, a three-hour drive to the north.

The employees deliberate to collect on Friday to “have fun how we’ve served 1000’s of our sufferers. We’re beginning a brand new chapter, however it isn’t our final chapter,” Pepper mentioned.

In Idaho, the federal authorities argued that Medicaid-funded hospitals should present “stabilising therapy” to sufferers experiencing medical emergencies regardless of its set off regulation.

A lot of Idaho’s regulation went into impact on Thursday however because of the federal decide’s ruling on Wednesday, the state can’t prosecute anybody who’s performing an abortion in a medical emergency.

Most abortions in Idaho have been successfully banned on August 12, when the Idaho Supreme Court docket allowed a special regulation to enter impact permitting potential family of an embryo or foetus to sue abortion suppliers.

North Dakota can also be ready to see if its set off regulation shall be carried out. Attorneys for the state’s solely abortion clinic, which not too long ago moved a number of miles to Minnesota, have requested for a delay as they pursue a lawsuit difficult the ban. A decide has promised to decide on the request by the top of this week.

Moscow rails against Zelenskyy’s call for travel ban on Russians | Russia-Ukraine war News

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy urges Western nations to impose a blanket journey ban on Russians, as Moscow says the remarks had been ‘off the charts’.

Russia has mentioned Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy’s proposal to ban all Russians from Western nations went “off the charts” and was seen “extraordinarily negatively” in Moscow.

The Ukrainian chief informed The Washington Publish newspaper that present Western sanctions towards Moscow had been too weak, including the West ought to shut its borders to Russians.

“The irrationality of considering on this case is off the charts,” Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov informed reporters on Tuesday. “Any try and isolate Russians or Russia is a course of that has no prospects,” Peskov added.

Zelenskyy informed the Publish that “a very powerful sanctions are to shut the borders – as a result of the Russians are taking away another person’s land”.

His remarks stand in stark distinction to the primary days of Moscow’s army intervention in Ukraine when Zelenskyy used to achieve out to Russia-based Kremlin critics, in Russian.

Former Russian president Dmitry Medvedev known as Zelenskky “the best Ukrainian clown” on Twitter – and even in contrast him to Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler.

‘Finish tourism from Russia’

Russia’s neighbour within the north, Finland final week issued a plan to restrict vacationer visas for Russians but additionally emphasised the necessity for a European Union-level resolution on the matter.

Estonian Prime Minister Kaja Kallas mentioned it was “time to finish tourism from Russia.” “Visiting Europe is a privilege, not a human proper,” she wrote on Twitter.

In Paris, Russian nationals can now not go to the Chateau de Vincennes, an essential vacationer attraction.

Entry to Russians has been restricted after President Vladimir Putin sent troops to Ukraine in late February, the French defence ministry informed the AFP information company.

Requested to touch upon the proposed and precise restrictions for Russian residents in Europe, Peskov alluded to occasions seen within the run-up to and through World Struggle II.

“Of their unfriendliness, many of those nations slip into forgetfulness,” he mentioned. “And so they resort to statements that we heard from a number of European nations within the centre of Europe 80 years in the past.”

Moscow’s military intervention in Ukraine has killed hundreds, compelled thousands and thousands to flee their properties and exacerbated meals shortages the world over.

Georgia patients sent home after abortion ban comes into effect | Women’s Rights News

When the abortion legislation within the US state of Georgia abruptly modified this week, some sufferers ready for the process that had been authorized simply hours earlier needed to be turned away.

Melissa Grant, chief working officer of Carafem, a Washington-based group that operates a reproductive well being clinic in Atlanta, referred to as the method of sending residence 4 sufferers horrible.

“It was troublesome each time the workers needed to deliver it up, whether or not it was somebody on the telephone for tomorrow or any person within the workplace right this moment,” Grant instructed The Related Press information company.

“They must resteel themselves with the intention to attempt to be empathetic and understanding within the face of somebody who was both going to collapse, cry, get offended or attempt to cut price — ‘Isn’t there a way you may nonetheless see me?’”

The Georgia legislation banning abortion when a fetal heartbeat is detected, sometimes round six weeks, took impact on Wednesday afternoon after a federal appeals courtroom earlier that day rejected a problem to it by abortion suppliers.

Chief Decide William Pryor of the Atlanta-based eleventh US Circuit Courtroom of Appeals wrote for a unanimous three-judge panel that the state had a “rational foundation” for the legislation, given its curiosity in “offering full authorized recognition to an unborn youngster”.

Usually, the Georgia ruling wouldn’t take impact for weeks, however the courtroom issued a second order on Wednesday permitting the legislation to take impact instantly.

Georgia handed the legislation, which additionally defines “particular person” to incorporate an “unborn youngster”, in 2019. A federal choose blocked it that October earlier than it might take impact, discovering it violated the suitable to abortion established by the US Supreme Courtroom in its 1973 landmark Roe v Wade ruling.

Nevertheless, the Supreme Courtroom on June 24 overturned that precedent-setting ruling, clearing the way in which for Wednesday’s resolution. The legislation contains exceptions for medical emergencies, and for instances of rape or incest the place a police report was filed.

“It is a grave human rights violation, and Deliberate Parenthood, together with its companions, will do the whole lot in our energy to struggle again and guarantee all individuals can get the well being care they want, no matter the place they stay,” Alexis McGill Johnson, president of Deliberate Parenthood, one of many suppliers within the lawsuit, stated in a press release.

Authorized battles are being waged throughout the US to form the nation’s post-Roe panorama, as conservative states push for restrictions whereas the federal authorities and liberal states search for methods to keep up entry to abortion.

In line with the Guttmacher Institute, a reproductive rights group, at the very least 26 US states are anticipated to attempt to ban abortion within the aftermath of the Supreme Courtroom’s overturning of Roe.

Rights advocates have argued that abortion bans will disproportionately hurt Black individuals and low-income Americans.

In the meantime, a Louisiana choose on Thursday barred the state from imposing “set off” legal guidelines designed to ban abortions after the US Supreme Courtroom overturned Roe.

Hope Medical Group for Ladies in Shreveport, certainly one of Louisiana’s three abortion clinics, sued to renew companies, arguing the set off legal guidelines had been imprecise, conflicted with one another and violated its state constitutional due course of rights.

A New Orleans choose on June 27 temporarily blocked the legal guidelines’ enforcement, however they went again into impact after a special choose on July 8 transferred the case to Baton Rouge.

Decide Donald Johnson then put a brief maintain on the legal guidelines’ enforcement on July 12 whereas he thought-about whether or not to situation Thursday’s preliminary injunction, which stays in impact till a trial will be held on the clinic’s request for a everlasting order.

“Immediately’s ruling is important in guaranteeing that ladies in Louisiana proceed to have entry to complete – and typically life-saving – healthcare companies,” Joanna Wright, the clinic’s lawyer, stated in a press release.

Clinics in Baton Rouge and New Orleans that had ceased operations pending the ruling stated they had been open once more on Thursday.

However in Georgia, one of many largest states to see sweeping restrictions on abortion, Grant stated Carafem has cancelled greater than 75 appointments for girls past six weeks of being pregnant because the restriction got here into impact on Wednesday.

The Nationwide Abortion Federation listed 10 clinics offering surgical abortions within the state earlier than Wednesday, though an eleventh clinic in Savannah had already closed after the Supreme Courtroom acted.

Iowa Supreme Court clears path for state abortion ban | Women’s Rights News

The courtroom, now comprised virtually completely of conservatives, reverses a choice by the identical physique simply 4 years earlier.

The Iowa Supreme Courtroom, the state’s highest judicial authority, dominated that the state’s structure doesn’t assure the suitable to an abortion, paving the best way for legislators to severely restrict or ban abortions if federal protections are lifted.

The choice, issued Friday, invalidates a ruling by the identical physique simply 4 years earlier that discovered that abortion is a basic proper assured by each Iowa and federal legislation. The courtroom has grown extra conservative within the years since, and is now composed virtually completely of Republican appointees, in accordance with The Related Press.

The ruling is the newest in a salvo of assaults on the right to an abortion within the US, with conservatives anticipating the tip of Roe v Wade, the landmark Supreme Courtroom choice that legalised abortion throughout the US.

With at this time’s conservative-dominated Supreme Courtroom more likely to reverse that ruling, the choice by the Iowa Supreme Courtroom paves the best way for the criminalisation of abortion within the state within the occasion that Roe is struck down, with out the extra difficult step of amending the state structure.

The choice is the results of a lawsuit by abortion suppliers who challenged a 2020 legislation that made abortion entry extra restrictive by imposing a 24-hour ready interval for individuals who need to get an abortion.

A decide dominated in favour of the group and towards that legislation, citing the excessive courtroom’s 2018 ruling that declared abortion a fundamental right assured by the Iowa structure. The 2018 choice was made with a 5-2 majority, and said that “autonomy and dominion over one’s physique go to the very coronary heart of what it means to be free.”

4 years later, the political panorama has modified. The state’s conservative Governor Kim Reynolds, a vehement opponent of abortion rights, has named 4 new justices within the final 5 years, and 6 of the seven justices on the courtroom have been appointed by Republican governors. Iowa, a key swing state in US elections, voted for Donald Trump in 2016 and 2020.

Reynolds and conservative allies within the state legislature have expressed their hope that the courtroom would strike down the 2018 choice, and in the direction of that finish moved to consolidate management over the panel that chooses courtroom nominees within the arms of the governor. Reynolds took to Twitter to reward the courtroom’s choice, saying “Right now’s ruling is a significant victory in our combat to guard the unborn.”

With fundamental abortion rights broadly well-liked within the US, conservatives have targeted on the courts, comparatively insulated from public outrage, to push their assaults against abortion.

Sami Scheetz, a Democratic candidate for the state legislature in Iowa, informed Al Jazeera in a press release over e-mail that, “This choice is an assault on girls – plain and easy … Lawmakers don’t have any place interfering in another person’s choices about being pregnant, abortion, or after they need to begin a household.”

The 2018 ruling had added Iowa to an inventory of 5 different states the place abortion was declared a proper by a state’s excessive courtroom, the others being Alaska, Florida, Kansas, Montana and Minnesota.

Such rulings might pose a problem to conservatives in these states keen to remove the suitable to abortion if the US Supreme Courtroom strikes down Roe v Wade, which would depart the suitable to an abortion as much as particular person states.

Florida adopted a legislation this yr that bans abortions after 15 weeks – a interval earlier than which many ladies know they’re pregnant. Abortion advocates have mentioned they are going to problem it.

Reynolds has mentioned she is “proud” of a invoice she signed into legislation in 2018 that banned abortion as early as six weeks, a interval when many are nonetheless not conscious that they’re pregnant. The invoice included exceptions for rape, incest, and conditions when the lifetime of the mom is endangered.

Nonetheless, Reynolds has not made clear whether or not such exceptions can be in place if Iowa have been to ban abortion following the reversal of Roe. Based on The AP, Reynolds lately informed reporters “I’m not going to set any parameters.”

Israeli court questions ban on Jewish prayer at Al-Aqsa compound | Israel-Palestine conflict News

Court docket overturns a police order barring three Jews from holy website after they prayed there in violation of the established order.

A decrease Israeli courtroom has overturned a police order barring three Jews from the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound after they prayed there in violation of understandings with Muslim authorities, questioning the authorized foundation of such enforcement.

The Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, positioned in occupied East Jerusalem’s Outdated Metropolis and housing Islam’s third-holiest website, is known as al-Haram al-Sharif, or the Noble Sanctuary, by Muslims. In line with an settlement in place since 1967, non-Muslims are allowed onto the positioning throughout visiting hours, however they’re barred from praying there.

Jews imagine the 35-acre compound is the place the Biblical Jewish temples as soon as stood.

Israel permits Jews to go to on situation they chorus from spiritual rites. However the growing variety of such visits, together with over the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan that coincided this 12 months with the Jewish Passover pageant, has stoked the fears of Palestinians, who see this as Israeli makes an attempt to vary the holy website’s delicate established order.

‘A grave assault’

Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas issued a press release calling Sunday’s ruling “a grave assault in opposition to the historic established order … and a flagrant problem to worldwide legislation”.

The Jerusalem Justice of the Peace’s Court docket dominated in favour of three appellants who had been banned from the Outdated Metropolis for 15 days for prostrating themselves and intoning a core Jewish prayer on the compound. The ruling quoted police as saying these actions disrupted its officers’ duties and threatened public order.

Eradicating the ban, Decide Zion Saharai stated that whereas he had no intention of interfering in legislation enforcement on the website, “the appellants’ conduct doesn’t increase fear of hurt befalling nationwide safety, public security or particular person safety”.

Police had no remark. Eran Schwarz, a lawyer whose agency represented the appellants, stated he anticipated police to contest the ruling. Justice of the Peace’s courts could be overturned by district courts, with Israel’s Supreme Court docket a last course of enchantment.

The ruling got here per week earlier than far-right Israelis are because of maintain an annual flag march by way of the Outdated Metropolis, marking its seize by Israel within the 1967 Center East struggle. Israel later annexed occupied East Jerusalem, a transfer not recognised by a lot of the worldwide neighborhood. The occasion is resented by Palestinians, who need the Outdated Metropolis and different elements of occupied East Jerusalem because the capital of their hoped-for future state.

Hamas, a Palestinian group that fought a Gaza struggle with Israel final 12 months that was partly stoked by tensions in occupied East Jerusalem, described the flag march’s deliberate route by way of a Muslim quarter of the Outdated Metropolis as “including gasoline to the hearth”.

“I warn the enemy in opposition to finishing up such crimes,” Hamas chief Ismail Haniyeh stated in a televised handle.

Jordan, a United States-backed Israeli safety accomplice that serves as custodian of Al-Aqsa, has additionally voiced concern concerning the Jewish visits to the compound.

EU oil ban adds pressure on Russia but obstacles remain: Analysts | Russia-Ukraine war News

The European Union is proposing a complete oil embargo in opposition to Russia for the primary time, as Moscow continues its struggle on Ukraine.

The bloc hopes Europe will cease importing Russian oil by the top of the 12 months. Nonetheless, questions stay.

European Fee President Ursula von der Leyen introduced the main points of a deliberate sixth package deal of sanctions in opposition to Russia on May 4, which incorporates the daring oil transfer.

As quickly because the proposal was introduced, Hungary and Slovakia expressed robust reservations.

Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban says the transfer would devastate his nation’s economic system, and instructed Russian shipments by means of pipelines ought to be exempted from a ban that would apply solely to sea deliveries.

Each Hungary and Slovakia obtained between 75 and 100 per cent of their oil imports from Russia final 12 months.

Now, the Fee needs all EU members to cease all Russian crude oil imports inside six months and solely import refined merchandise reminiscent of petrol, diesel, or kerosene into the European Union till the top of the 12 months.

Furthermore, the EU seeks to ban delivery and insurance coverage corporations from coping with Russian oil.

“This measure goals to leverage Russia’s excessive dependency on Western insurers and shippers and to discourage third nations from backfilling,” Maria Shagina, visiting senior fellow on the Middle on US Politics and Energy and the Finnish Institute of Worldwide Affairs, instructed Al Jazeera.

“The absence of a European vitality embargo at present constitutes the key weak spot within the Western sanctions regime.”

Most EU sanctions in opposition to Russia to this point have emerged from EU Council selections and laws, and are primarily amendments to measures imposed on Russia after it annexed Crimea in 2014.

Because the begin of the present struggle in February, the EU Council has continued to amend these selections and their accompanying laws, that are enforceable by EU legislation.

For von der Leyen’s desired “full ban” on Russian oil to be enforced, all 27 member states should vote unanimously on a set of phrases, additional amend earlier selections and permit the Fee to function the important thing enforcer for the laws.

“This can be a very highly effective software on the EU’s disposal, nevertheless it requires unanimous consent from all member states. The ban would turn out to be a part of the EU’s Frequent Overseas and Safety Coverage, its foremost overseas coverage arm,” William T Daniel, assistant professor in comparative politics on the College of Nottingham, instructed Al Jazeera.

“Not like in different areas the place the EU has full autonomy to behave, overseas coverage remains to be left as much as the collective settlement of the member states. If the EU can not discover a technique to get all 27 members to conform to a unified set of phrases, then it can not absolutely act on this space,” Daniel added.

In addition to Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic, Croatia, too, is contemplating an exemption. Bulgaria additionally has reservations.

“Greater than 90 p.c of Slovakia’s oil imports come from Russia, principally by means of the Druzhba pipeline. Slovakia can be a landlocked nation and importing any oil by means of the ocean can be a extremely cumbersome course of that will value excess of importing Russian oil by means of a pipeline,” Hari Seshasayee, international fellow on the Wilson Middle, instructed Al Jazeera.

“Any EU-wide ban will result in extra disruptions in oil costs and in addition to shortages throughout Europe, particularly in nations that depend upon Russian oil for greater than half of their complete imports.”

At present, such a listing contains eight nations – Czech Republic; Bulgaria; Poland; Lithuania; Hungary; Finland; Latvia and Slovakia.

“European nations will find yourself paying way more to substitute Russian oil with different sources,” Seshasayee mentioned.

That is one in every of these explanation why Europe’s de-facto chief, Germany, had resisted an oil embargo for months.

Nonetheless, after a latest assembly of EU vitality ministers, German economics minister Robert Habeck mentioned that Berlin was ready for a ban on imports, although the transfer wouldn’t go previous Germany “with out leaving a mark”.

“The coverage shifts of particular person member states – notably Germany – are huge and shouldn’t be undersold. Nonetheless, all of this takes time to enact. And the longer it takes for the EU to reorient its coverage in direction of an efficient ban on Russian oil, the longer the Russian economic system will revenue from the sale of oil to Europe,” mentioned Daniel.

Oil stays Russia’s most essential export commodity, and the EU is subsequently below intense public stress to finish or at the very least severely cut back its dependency.

Because the begin of the Ukraine struggle, funds by member states for Russian oil have totalled greater than 20 billion euros ($21bn), and with the lack of Russian portions on an already tense oil market and amid a rising oil value, Moscow might find yourself producing extra earnings, no matter a ban.

“I believe Russia’s complete oil manufacturing will possible cut back by as much as three million barrels per day over the following couple of months, or maybe much more. But, this doesn’t imply their losses are equal to the discount in provide,” mentioned Seshasayee.

“Any kind of EU-wide ban will make Russia much more determined to promote to whichever nation can nonetheless afford to purchase Russian oil – notably these in Asia, like China and India,” he added.

The EU’s step has additionally raised the query of why Europe just isn’t trying to impose stress by way of a fuel ban.

The extent of fuel dependency is much more important, on condition that about 40 p.c or extra of European fuel imports in 2021 got here from Russia.

“In actual fact, some European nations started importing much more fuel from Russia within the quick aftermath of the struggle in Ukraine, in preparation for greater fuel costs and doable restrictions in imports from Russia,” Seshasayee mentioned.

Apart from the financial results, can an oil ban forestall the killings of harmless civilians?

A lot will depend upon how rapidly Europe can discover unity to enact the ban.

“The EU’s oil ban will probably be a big step up in sanctions stress. Given the ban’s design, the affect will kick in subsequent 12 months. Within the quick time period, the principle affect will come from self-sanctioning. Within the mid-to-long time period, there will probably be vitality decoupling between the EU and Russia,” mentioned Shagina.

Nonetheless, there appeared to be consensus among the many specialists interviewed by Al Jazeera for this text that the EU’s oil ban is important to provoke an finish to Europe’s vitality dependency on Russia but additionally to hurt Russia’s funds in a method that makes a protracted struggle unattainable.

EU overseas ministers are subsequent scheduled to satisfy on Monday, the place the problem will take centre stage once more.

Hungary says EU’s Russian oil ban plan lacks security guarantee | Russia-Ukraine war News

The EU’s chief has referred to as for a ban on Russian oil imports by the top of 2022 over Moscow’s battle in Ukraine.

Hungary says European Union proposals to enact sanctions on Russian oil don’t present any ensures for its power safety.

On Wednesday, after the EU’s chief referred to as for a ban on Russian oil imports by the top of 2022, Hungarian authorities spokesman Zoltan Kovacs mentioned his nation sees no plans on how a transition might be managed.

“We don’t see any plans or ensures on how a transition might be managed based mostly on the present proposals, and the way Hungary’s power safety could be assured,” Kovacs advised Reuters and AFP information businesses.

Requested if this meant Hungary outrightly rejected the EU’s proposal, the Hungarian authorities press workplace didn’t instantly reply.

In a doc seen by AFP, European Fee President Ursula von der Leyen’s proposal urged that Hungary and Slovakia, each extremely depending on Russian oil, be given extra time to satisfy the EU calls for to enact the ban.

Additionally on Wednesday, 27 EU state ambassadors will meet to debate von der Leyen’s plan, and a unanimous settlement must be reached earlier than it goes into impact.

Hungary and Slovakia have beforehand mentioned they will not support the sanctions in opposition to Russian power that the EU is making ready over the battle in Ukraine, insisting that they’re too reliant on these provides and there aren’t any speedy options.

Hungary’s Prime Minister Viktor Orban – who has cultivated shut ties with Russian President Vladimir Putin lately – mentioned the central European nation is much too depending on Russian gasoline and oil.

International Minister Peter Szijjarto reiterated on Tuesday that “at present it’s bodily not possible to function Hungary or the Hungarian economic system with out Russian oil”.

Based on Hungarian authorities spokesman Kovacs, 65 p.c of Hungary’s oil and 85 p.c of its gasoline provides come from Russia.

Regardless of disagreement amongst EU members on new power sanctions, on Tuesday European Council President Charles Michel pledged to “break the Russian battle machine” by steering international locations on the continent away from Russia’s pure gasoline provides.

The bloc is racing to safe different provides to Russian power, inserting precedence on international liquefied pure gasoline (LNG) imports from international locations that embody main producers like Algeria, Qatar and the US.

That features LNG amenities being in-built northern Greece, which Michel and the leaders of 4 Balkan international locations toured on Tuesday.

“We’re additionally sanctioning Russia to place monetary, financial and political strain on the Kremlin as a result of our aim is straightforward: We should break the Russian battle machine,” Michel mentioned.

He met Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis and the leaders of Bulgaria, North Macedonia and non-NATO member Serbia on the Greek port of Alexandroupolis. An LNG import terminal close to the port metropolis is because of begin operation subsequent 12 months.

LNG that arrives by ship is turning into more and more essential as EU international locations look to maneuver away from Russian provides. Russia final week cut off natural gas to Bulgaria and Poland, citing their refusal to pay in Russian roubles, in an escalating dispute triggered by the invasion of Ukraine.

“That is why this new LNG terminal is so well timed and so essential. It’s a geopolitical funding and it is a geopolitical second,” Michel mentioned. “It displays what we have to do extra of as a result of it can present safety of provide to Greece, to Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Serbia and different international locations within the area. And that is extraordinarily essential.”